A growing world population and rising levels of prosperity are driving up the global demand for energy and materials and are increasing the negative impact on the environment. Challenges related to energy use, materials consumption, and climate change are closely intertwined. On the one hand, producing materials consumes about 21% of global energy use and is responsible for about the same percentage of carbon emitted to the atmosphere. On the other hand, the transition from a fossil to a non-fossil electricity mix — to mitigate climate change — would result in a much higher usage of metals. The increase in the usage of metals would range from a few percent to a factor of a thousand for certain metals. Concerns over the future security of the supply of raw materials has led to the identification of critical raw materials for the USA, Japan, and the EU.4–8 As part of the World Scientific Series on Current Energy Issues, this book is focused on ‘Critical Materials’.
|Title of host publication||Critical Materials|
|Subtitle of host publication||Underlying Causes and Sustainable Mitigation Strategies|
|Place of Publication||London, UK|
|ISBN (Print)||978-981-3271-04-3 |
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
|Name||World Scientific Series in Current Energy Issues|