Generating multivariate load states using a conditional variational autoencoder

Chenguang Wang, Ensieh Sharifnia, Zhi Gao, Simon H. Tindemans*, Peter Palensky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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For planning of power systems and for the calibration of operational tools, it is essential to analyse system performance in a large range of representative scenarios. When the available historical data is limited, generative models are a promising solution, but modelling high-dimensional dependencies is challenging. In this paper, a multivariate load state generating model on the basis of a conditional variational autoencoder (CVAE) neural network is proposed. Going beyond common CVAE implementations, the model includes stochastic variation of output samples under given latent vectors and co-optimizes the parameters for this output variability. It is shown that this improves statistical properties of the generated data. The quality of generated multivariate loads is evaluated using univariate and multivariate performance metrics. A generation adequacy case study on the European network is used to illustrate model's ability to generate realistic tail distributions. The experiments demonstrate that the proposed generator outperforms other data generating mechanisms.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108603
Number of pages7
JournalElectric Power Systems Research
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • CVAE
  • Generative model
  • Load modelling
  • Multivariate dependence
  • System adequacy


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