Generating Value from Government Data Using AI: An Exploratory Study

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Abstract

Open government data initiatives have gained popularity around the world. Artificial Intelligence (AI) has the potential to make better use of data. Combining the OGD and AI is crucial to generate more value from data. In this paper we investigate what kind of value was generated through AI and how. A context-input-process-output/outcome (CIPO) framework is developed to describe and compare three cases. The overview of cases shows the huge potential of AI, but it also suggests that AI is hardly used by the public to create value from open data. The objectives of the three cases are efficiency, innovation and crime prevention, whereas common open government objectives like transparency, accountability and participation are given less attention. By using AI, the risks of data privacy and arriving at biased or wrong conclusions become more prominent. With the rise of data collection from Internet of Things, complying with the 5-stars of Berners-Lee becomes more important. We recommend policy makers to stimulate AI projects contributing to the open government goals and ensure that open data meets the 5-star requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElectronic Government - 19th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2020, Proceedings
EditorsGabriela Viale Pereira, Marijn Janssen, Habin Lee, Ida Lindgren, Manuel Pedro Rodríguez Bolívar, Hans Jochen Scholl, Anneke Zuiderwijk
PublisherSpringer
Pages319-331
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9783030575984
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event19th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Government, EGOV 2020, held in conjunction with the IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Participation, ePart 2020, and the International Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government Conference, CeDEM 2020 - Linkoping, Sweden
Duration: 31 Aug 20202 Sep 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12219 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference19th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Government, EGOV 2020, held in conjunction with the IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Participation, ePart 2020, and the International Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government Conference, CeDEM 2020
CountrySweden
CityLinkoping
Period31/08/202/09/20

Keywords

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Internet of Things
  • Open data
  • Open government
  • Smart cities
  • Value creation

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