Geocentre motion and Earth's dynamic oblateness time-series derived from GRACE CSR RL06 solutions and geophysical models

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Abstract

With the launch of the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite mission in 2002 (http://www.csr.utexas.edu/grace), Satellite Gravimetry has become a unique tool to estimate hydrological water balance and mass balance of ice sheets, as well as to monitor mass re-distribution in the oceans and the solid Earth. However, satellite gravimetry still suffers from a poor estimation of temporal variations in the spherical harmonic coefficient C20 (which is associated with the Earth's dynamic oblateness). Therefore, these variations are typically extracted from Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) data. Furthermore, satellite gravimetry is not sensitive to variations of degree-1 spherical harmonic coefficients (i.e., C10, C11, and S11), which are associated with the geocentre motion. Swenson et al (2008) proposed to restore those coefficients using as a reference an area where the mass anomalies are known. Such an area was chosen as the entire world ocean; mass anomalies there were defined as variations of the Ocean Bottom Pressure based on an ocean circulation model. The Glacial Isostatic Adjustment signal was corrected for by applying a remove-restore approach.
Sun et al (2016) further developed the technique by Swenson et al (2008). First, the Self-Attraction and Loading (SAL) effects were additionally modelled in order to estimate water re-distribution in the ocean more accurately. Second, a buffer zone around the continents was excluded from the reference area in order to suppress the effect of “signal leakage” caused by a limited spatial resolution of satellite gravimetry. It was shown that the modified technique allows for an accurate estimation of both degree-1 and C20 variations.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventGGHS-2018: International Symposium Gravity, Geoid and Height Systems 2
: Gravity field of the earth
- Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 17 Sep 201821 Sep 2018
Conference number: 2
http://www.space.dtu.dk/english/gghs2018

Conference

ConferenceGGHS-2018: International Symposium Gravity, Geoid and Height Systems 2
Abbreviated titleGGHS-2018
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period17/09/1821/09/18
Internet address

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