Geophysical tomography as a tool to estimate the geometry of soil layers: relevance for the reliability assessment of dikes

J. Chavez Olalla*, T. G. Winkels, D. J.M. Ngan-Tillard, T. J. Heimovaara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The geometric variability of soil layers is a large source of uncertainty in the reliability assessment of dikes. Because direct samples of the subsurface soils are often insufficient to capture the complexity of the subsurface, geophysical methods provide a powerful source of complementary information. A combined approach to estimate the geometry of soil layers is presented. The approach combines local point data, i.e. data obtained from a CPT or a borehole log, and geophysical tomography in a universal cokriging framework. The approach uses the contact points between soil layers obtained from local point data and the orientations of the layers derived from geophysical tomography. To reduce subjectivity in the interpretation of tomographic images, an automated edge detection technique was used. The combined approach was applied to characterise two test sites where the presence of paleochannels locally change the geometry of soil layers. The results show that a combined approach enables the reduction of sampling efforts with an improved estimation of geometric variability.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages21
JournalGeorisk
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • dike reliability
  • edge detection
  • Geometric variability
  • geophysical tomography
  • universal cokriging

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