Giant modulation of the electronic band gap of carbon nanotubes by dielectric screening

Lee Aspitarte, Daniel R. McCulley, Andrea Bertoni, Joshua O. Island, Marvin Ostermann, Massimo Rontani, Gary A. Steele, Ethan D. Minot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a promising material for high-performance electronics beyond silicon. But unlike silicon, the nature of the transport band gap in CNTs is not fully understood. The transport gap in CNTs is predicted to be strongly driven by electron-electron (e-e) interactions and correlations, even at room temperature. Here, we use dielectric liquids to screen e-e interactions in individual suspended ultra-clean CNTs. Using multiple techniques, the transport gap is measured as dielectric screening is increased. Changing the dielectric environment from air to isopropanol, we observe a 25% reduction in the transport gap of semiconducting CNTs, and a 32% reduction in the band gap of narrow-gap CNTs. Additional measurements are reported in dielectric oils. Our results elucidate the nature of the transport gap in CNTs, and show that dielectric environment offers a mechanism for significant control over the transport band gap.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8828
Number of pages9
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

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    Aspitarte, L., McCulley, D. R., Bertoni, A., Island, J. O., Ostermann, M., Rontani, M., Steele, G. A., & Minot, E. D. (2017). Giant modulation of the electronic band gap of carbon nanotubes by dielectric screening. Scientific Reports, 7(1), [8828]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-09372-1