Giving Form to Smart Objects: Exploring Intelligence as an Interaction Design Material

Marco Rozendaal, Maliheh Ghajargar, Gert Pasman, Mikael Wiberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review

61 Downloads (Pure)


Artificial intelligence (AI) has recently been highlighted as a design material in the HCI community. This acknowledgement is a call for interaction designers to consider intelligence as a resource for design. While this view is valid and well-grounded, it brings with it a need to better understand how intelligence as a design material can be used in formgiving practices. This chapter seeks to address this need by suggesting a new approach that integrates AI in the designer’s toolkit. This approach considers intelligence as being part of, and expressed through, an object's character, hereby integrating artificial intelligence into a product's form. We describe and discuss this approach by presenting and reflecting on our experiences in a design course where students were asked to give form to intelligent everyday objects in three iterative design cycles. We discuss the implications of our approach and findings within the frame of third wave HCI.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Directions in Third Wave Human-Computer Interaction
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1 - Technologies
EditorsMichael Filimowicz, Veronika Tzankova
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-73356-2
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-73355-5
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

Name Human–Computer Interaction Series
PublisherSpringer, Cham
ISSN (Print)1571-5035
ISSN (Electronic)2524-4477

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project

Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


Dive into the research topics of 'Giving Form to Smart Objects: Exploring Intelligence as an Interaction Design Material'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this