### Abstract

In finite element simulation of engineering applications, accuracy is of great importance considering that generally no analytical solution is available. Conventional error estimation methods aim to estimate the error in energy norms or the global L^{2}-norm. These values can be used to estimate the accuracy of the model or to guide how to adapt the model to achieve more accuracy. However, in engineering applications specific quantities are required to be accurate. The novel error estimation approach which is called Dual-Weighted Residual (DWR) error estimation, approximates the error with respect to the quantity of interest which can be mean stress or displacement in a subspace or the solution ('s gradient) on a specific point, etc. DWR error estimation is a dual-based scheme which requires an adjoint (dual) problem. The dual problem is described by defining the quantity of interest in a functional form. Then by solving the primal and dual problems, errors in terms of the specified quantities are calculated. In this paper the DWR error estimation besides the conventional residual-based error estimation and a recovery-based error estimation are applied in a three-dimensional elasticity problem. Local estimated errors are exploited in order to accomplish the mesh adaptivity procedure. The goal-oriented mesh adaptivity control the local errors in terms of the prescribed quantities. Both refinement and coarsening processes are applied to raise the efficiency. The convergence rates are plotted to illustrate the superiorities of the goal-oriented adaptivity over the traditional ones.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | 11th World Congress on Computational Mechanics, WCCM 2014, 5th European Conference on Computational Mechanics, ECCM 2014 and 6th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ECFD 2014 |

Publisher | International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering |

Pages | 734-745 |

Number of pages | 12 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9788494284472 |

Publication status | Published - 1 Jul 2014 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | Joint 11th World Congress on Computational Mechanics, WCCM 2014, the 5th European Conference on Computational Mechanics, ECCM 2014 and the 6th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ECFD 2014 - Barcelona, Spain Duration: 20 Jul 2014 → 25 Jul 2014 |

### Conference

Conference | Joint 11th World Congress on Computational Mechanics, WCCM 2014, the 5th European Conference on Computational Mechanics, ECCM 2014 and the 6th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ECFD 2014 |
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Country | Spain |

City | Barcelona |

Period | 20/07/14 → 25/07/14 |

### Keywords

- Convergence rate
- Dual-Weighted Residual
- Goal-oriented error estimation
- Linear quantity of interest
- Local mesh adaptivity

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## Cite this

*11th World Congress on Computational Mechanics, WCCM 2014, 5th European Conference on Computational Mechanics, ECCM 2014 and 6th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ECFD 2014*(pp. 734-745). International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering.