GPU-accelerated Double-Stage Delay-Multiply-and-Sum Algorithm for Fast Photoacoustic Tomography Using LED Excitation and Linear Arrays

Seyyed Reza Miri Rostami, Moein Mozaffarzadeh, Mohsen Ghaffari-Miab*, Ali Hariri, Jesse Jokerst

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)
    56 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Double-stage delay-multiply-and-sum (DS-DMAS) is an algorithm proposed for photoacoustic image reconstruction. The DS-DMAS algorithm offers a higher contrast than conventional delay-and-sum and delay-multiply and-sum but at the expense of higher computational complexity. Here, we utilized a compute unified device architecture (CUDA) graphics processing unit (GPU) parallel computation approach to address the high complexity of the DS-DMAS for photoacoustic image reconstruction generated from a commercial light-emitting diode (LED)–based photoacoustic scanner. In comparison with a single-threaded central processing unit (CPU), the GPU approach increased speeds by nearly 140-fold for 1024 × 1024 pixel image; there was no decrease in accuracy. The proposed implementation makes it possible to reconstruct photoacoustic images with frame rates of 250, 125, and 83.3 when the images are 64 × 64, 128 × 128, and 256 × 256, respectively. Thus, DS-DMAS can be efficiently used in clinical devices when coupled with CUDA GPU parallel computation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)301-316
    Number of pages16
    JournalUltrasonic Imaging
    Volume41
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Bibliographical note

    Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

    Keywords

    • beamforming
    • central processing unit (CPU)
    • compute unified device architecture (CUDA)
    • double-stage delay-multiply-and-sum (DS-DMAS)
    • graphics processing unit (GPU)
    • linear-array imaging
    • parallel computing
    • photoacoustic imaging

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