Halodesulfurarchaeum

Dimitry Y. Sorokin, Enzo Messina, Michail Yakimov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientific

Abstract

Ha.lo.de.sul.fur.ar.chae’um. Gr. n. hals, halos salt of the sea; L. pref. de-, from; L. n. sulfur , sulfur; N.L. neut. n. archaeum archaeon from Gr. adj. archaios-ê-on ancient;
N.L. neut. n. Halodesulfurarchaeum sulfur-reducing haloarchaeon. The genus Halodesulfurarchaeum, classified within the family Halobacteriaceae, order Halobacteriales, and in
the class Halobacteria, consists of obligately anaerobic extremely halophilic euryarchaea that grow by oxidation of H2 or formate with elemental sulfur, DMSO, or thiosulfate (some strains) as the electron acceptor, representing a first example of lithoheterotrophy in the class Halobacteria. Strains have been isolated from sediments of various terrestrial hypersaline chloride-sulfate lakes, marine solar salterns, and deep-sea hypersaline brines in the Mediterranean. The genus consists of one species Halodesulfurarchaeum formicicum, which is the type species of the genus. DNA G+C content (mol%): 63.6–63.8 mol% (genome). Type species: Halodesulfurarchaeum formicicum.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria, Online
EditorsW.B. Whitman
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Pages1-6
ISBN (Electronic)9781118960608
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • anaerobe
  • extreme halophile
  • Sulfur respiration
  • lithoheterotrophic
  • Halodesulfurarchaeum

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