Head-to-Head Comparison of T1 Mapping and Electroanatomical Voltage Mapping in Patients With Ventricular Arrhythmias

Marek Sramko, Saif Abdel-Kafi, Adrianus P. Wijnmaalen, Qian Tao, Rob J. van der Geest, Hildo J. Lamb, Katja Zeppenfeld*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Background: Electroanatomical voltage mapping (EAVM) has been compared with late gadolinium enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR), which cannot delineate diffuse fibrosis. T1-mapping CMR overcomes the limitations of LGE-CMR, but it has not been directly compared against EAVM. Objectives: This study aims to assess the relationship between left ventricular (LV) endocardial voltage obtained by EAVM and extracellular volume (ECV) obtained by T1 mapping. Methods: The study investigated patients who underwent endocardial EAVM for ventricular arrhythmias (CARTO 3, Biosense Webster) together with preprocedural contrast-enhanced T1 mapping (Ingenia 3T, Philips Healthcare). After image integration, EAVM datapoints were projected onto LGE-CMR and ECV-encoded images. Average values of unipolar voltage (UV), bipolar voltage (BV), LGE transmurality, and ECV were merged from corresponding cardiac segments (6 per slice) and pooled for analysis. Results: The analysis included data from 628 segments from 18 patients (57 ± 13 years of age, 17% females, LV ejection fraction 48% ± 14%, nonischemic/ischemic cardiomyopathy/controls: 8/6/4 patients). Based on the 95th and 5th percentile values obtained from the controls, ECV >33%, BV <2.9 mV, and UV <6.7 mV were considered abnormal. There was a significant inverse association between voltage and ECV, but only in segments with abnormal ECV. Increased ECV could predict abnormal BV and UV with acceptable accuracy (area under the curve of 0.78 [95% CI: 0.74-0.83] and 0.84 [95% CI: 0.79-0.88]). Conclusions: This study found a significant inverse relationship between LV endocardial voltage and ECV. Real-time integration of T1 mapping may guide catheter mapping and may allow identification of areas of diffuse fibrosis potentially related to ventricular arrhythmias.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)740-748
Number of pages9
JournalJACC: Clinical Electrophysiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • extracellular volume
  • fibrosis
  • image integration
  • T1 mapping
  • voltage


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