The key question in this study is: ‘To which extent is the difference in thermal comfort mathematically to describe by temperature sensation and the percentage of dissatisfied, between the elderly and non-elderly, related to the Fanger model?’. This study proves that it is possible to mathematically describe the difference in thermal comfort between elderly and non-elderly by means of a comparison between the calculation results of a thermophysiological two-node model, adjusted for individual characteristics, and different experimental studies. Since the various subgroups of elderly are increasing in number disproportionately to other age groups, adapting the existing thermophysiological human models, for predicting the thermal response of people depending on age and sex, is important. In this way, useful insights can be realized from modelling the thermal behaviour and response patterns of the elderly for the future design of buildings and climate installations.
- individual characteristics
- mathematical modelling
- predicted percentage of dissatisfied
- temperature sensation
- thermal comfort