Heterometallic [AgFe3S4] iron-sulfur clusters assembled in wild-type Pyrococcus furiosus ferredoxin and two variants, D14C and D14H, are characterized. The crystal structure of the [AgFe3S 4] D14C variant shows that the silver(I) ion is indeed part of the cluster and is coordinated to the thiolate group of residue 14. Cyclic voltammetry shows one redox pair with a reduction potential of +220 mV versus the standard hydrogen electrode which is assigned to the [AgFe3S 4]2+/+ couple. The oxidized form of the [AgFe 3S4] D14C variant is stable in the presence of dioxygen, whereas the oxidized forms of the [AgFe3S4] wild type and D14H variants convert to the [Fe3S4] ferredoxin form. The monovalent d 10 silver(I) ion stabilizes the [Fe3S 4]+/0 cluster fragment, as opposed to divalent d 10 metal ions, resulting in more than 0.4 V difference in reduction potentials between the silver(I) and, e.g., zinc(II) heterometallic [MFe 3S4] ferredoxins. The trend in reduction potentials for the variants containing the [AgFe3S4] cluster is wild type ≤ D14C < D14H and shows the same trend as reported for the variants containing the [Fe3S4] cluster, but is different from the D14C < D14H < wild type trend reported for the [Fe4S 4] ferredoxin. The similarity in the reduction potential trend for the variants containing the heterometallic [AgFe3S4] cluster and the [Fe3S4] cluster can be rationalized in terms of the electrostatic influence of the residue 14 side chains, rather than the dissociation constant of this residue, as is the case for [Fe 4S4] ferredoxins. The trends in reduction potentials are in line with there being no electronic coupling between the silver(I) ion and the Fe3S4 fragment.
- Mass spectrometry
- Pyrococcus furiosus