High-Performance All-Bio-Based Laminates Derived from Delignified Wood

Marion Frey*, Livia Schneider, Hajar Razi, Etienne Trachsel, Eric Faude, Sophie Marie Koch, Kunal Masania, Peter Fratzl, Tobias Keplinger, Ingo Burgert

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
60 Downloads (Pure)


The need for renewable bio-based materials that could replace well-established synthetic composite materials is rapidly growing. For example, bio-based materials are increasingly used in applications where a lightweight design should be combined with sustainability and recyclability. However, it is often very challenging to directly transfer the excellent properties of biological materials to a product in a scalable and cost-efficient manner. In this study, we combined delignified wood layers (veneers) and a starch-based glue into bio-based high-performance composites. First, we investigated the ideal amount of starch-based glue between the layers to prevent delamination in the final composite. Then, we produced laminates in unidirectional, cross-ply, and quasi-isotropic configurations using wet processing. Laminates with tensile properties up to 40 GPa and 200 MPa in tensile stiffness and strength, respectively, were fabricated with a very high fiber volume content of up to 80%. The high fiber volume contents led to mechanical interlocks between neighboring fibers and made the need for an additional matrix unnecessary. The water-based laminate process is cost-efficient and scalable and additionally allows one to make full use of delignified wood’s formability by producing shaped parts for various applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9638-9646
Number of pages9
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • all bio-based material
  • cellulose
  • delignified wood
  • natural fiber composite
  • starch adhesive


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