High performance mixed potential type NO2 sensors using porous yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) layers doped with different concentration graphite as solid electrolyte and LaFeO3 as sensing electrode were fabricated and characterized. LaFeO3 was prepared by a typical citrate sol–gel method and characterized using XRD. The surface morphology and porosity of porous YSZ layers were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). The sensor doped with 3 wt% graphite shows the highest response (−76.4 mV to 80 ppm NO2) and the response is linearly dependent on the logarithm of NO2 concentration in the range of 10–200 ppm. The sensor measurement results also present good repeatability and cross-sensitivity.
- Mixed potential
- Porous YSZ layers