High pressure electrochemical reduction of CO2 to formic acid/formate: A comparison between bipolar membranes and cation exchange membranes

Mahinder Ramdin, Andrew R.T. Morrison, Mariette de Groen, Rien van Haperen, Robert De Kler, Leo J.P. Van Den Broeke, J. P.Martin Trusler, Wiebren De Jong, Thijs J.H. Vlugt

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Abstract

A high pressure semicontinuous batch electrolyzer is used to convert CO2 to formic acid/formate on a tin-based cathode using bipolar membranes (BPMs) and cation exchange membranes (CEMs). The effects of CO2 pressure up to 50 bar, electrolyte concentration, flow rate, cell potential, and the two types of membranes on the current density (CD) and Faraday efficiency (FE) for formic acid/formate are investigated. Increasing the CO2 pressure yields a high FE up to 90% at a cell potential of 3.5 V and a CD of ∼30 mA/cm2. The FE decreases significantly at higher cell potentials and current densities, and lower pressures. Up to 2 wt % formate was produced at a cell potential of 4 V, a CD of ∼100 mA/cm2, and a FE of 65%. The advantages and disadvantages of using BPMs and CEMs in electrochemical cells for CO2 conversion to formic acid/formate are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1834–1847
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume58
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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