High-resolution CLEAN-SC: Theory and experimental validation

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In this article, a high-resolution extension of CLEAN-SC is proposed: high-resolution-CLEAN-SC. Where CLEAN-SC uses peak sources in ‘dirty maps’ to define so-called source components, high-resolution-CLEAN-SC takes advantage of the fact that source components can likewise be derived from points at some distance from the peak, as long as these ‘source markers’ are on the main lobe of the point spread function. This is very useful when sources are closely spaced together, such that their point spread functions interfere. Then, alternative markers can be sought in which the relative influence by point spread functions of other source locations is minimised. For those markers, the source components agree better with the actual sources, which allows for better estimation of their locations and strengths. This article outlines the theory needed to understand this approach and discusses applications to 2D and 3D microphone array simulations with closely spaced sources. An experimental validation was performed with two closely spaced loudspeakers in an anechoic chamber.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-298
Number of pages25
JournalInternational Journal of Aeroacoustics (online)
Issue number4-5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017


  • Acoustic arrays
  • beamforming
  • deconvolution
  • high-resolution
  • sound source location

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