High resolution neutron Larmor diffraction using superconducting magnetic Wollaston prisms

Fankang Li, Hao Feng, Alexander N. Thaler, Steven Parnell, William A. Hamilton, Lowell Crow, Wencao Yang, Amy B. Jones, Hongyu Bai, Masaaki Matsuda, David V. Baxter, Thomas Keller, Jaime A. Fernandez-Baca, Roger Pynn

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The neutron Larmor diffraction technique has been implemented using superconducting magnetic Wollaston prisms in both single-arm and double-arm configurations. Successful measurements of the coefficient of thermal expansion of a single-crystal copper sample demonstrates that the method works as expected. The experiment involves a new method of tuning by varying the magnetic field configurations in the device and the tuning results agree well with previous measurements. The difference between single-arm and double-arm configurations has been investigated experimentally. We conclude that this measurement benchmarks the applications of magnetic Wollaston prisms in Larmor diffraction and shows in principle that the setup can be used for inelastic phonon line-width measurements. The achievable resolution for Larmor diffraction is comparable to that using Neutron Resonance Spin Echo (NRSE) coils. The use of superconducting materials in the prisms allows high neutron polarization and transmission efficiency to be achieved.
Original languageEnglish
Article number865
Number of pages9
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2017


  • Characterization and analytical techniques


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