To enhance the resilience of buildings, laminated glass panels are increasingly used in glazed façades. These ductile panels provide a superior blast resistance to that provided by monolithic glass panels, due to the improved residual capacity offered by the polymer interlayer following the fracture of the glass layers. The complex interaction between the attached glass fragments and the interlayer is still only partially understood. To help address this, this paper investigates experimentally the post-fracture bending moment capacity of laminated glass. Three-point bending tests are performed at low temperature on specimens pre-fractured before testing, to ensure controlled and repeatable fracture patterns. The low temperature simulates the effects of the high strain-rates that result from short-duration blast loads by taking advantage of the time–temperature dependency of the viscoelastic interlayer. In these experiments, polyvinyl butyral is considered as the interlayer, this being the most common interlayer for laminated glass used in building facades. A new time–temperature mapping equation is derived from experimental results available in the literature, to relate the temperatures and strain-rates that result in the same interlayer yield stress. The results of the low-temperature tests demonstrate an enhancement of the ultimate load capacity of the fractured glass by two orders of magnitude, compared to that at room temperature. This suggests an improved post-fracture bending moment capacity associated with the now stiffer interlayer working in tension and the glass fragments working in compression. Due to the time–temperature dependency of the interlayer, a similar enhancement is therefore anticipated at the high strain-rates associated with typical blast loading. Finally, the assumed composite bending action is further supported by the results from additional specimens with thicker PVB and glass layers, which result in enhanced capacity consistent with the bending theory of existing analytical models.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Construction and Building Materials|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
Bibliographical noteGreen Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.
- Blast response
- Laminated glass
- Time-temperature mapping