The deformation performance of maraging steel samples fabricated using the laser powder bed fusion technique was evaluated using the split Hopkinson torsion bar (SHTB) test. Thin-walled tubular maraging steel samples were deformed under dynamic torsional loading at strain rates of 260 s−1 to 720 s−1 using twist angles varying from 3 to 12°. Microstructural and textural investigations were carried out on deformed samples using the electron backscatter diffraction technique and scanning electron microscopy. Results showed that maraging steel samples fractured when deformed using an angle of twist of 12° and strain rate of 650 s−1. As a result of deformation localization at high strain rates, adiabatic shear bands are developed in some thin-walled tubular torsion specimens deformed using the 12-degree angle of twist, leading to fracture. Textural studies showed that texture weakening occurred with an increment in strain rate ascribable to grain fragmentation. In this study, two models (empirically and semi-empirically) were employed for describing maraging steel performance during high strain-rate torsional loading. Simulation results based on Kobayashi-Odd and Nemat-Nasser models agreed well with the experimental data.
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- Dynamic torsional loading
- Electron backscatter diffraction
- Laser powder bed fusion
- Maraging steel
- Split Hopkinson torsion bar (SHTB)