Hindcasting soundscapes before and during the covid-19 pandemic in selected areas of the north sea and the adriatic sea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The national measures in several European countries during the COVID-19 pandemic also affected offshore human activities, including shipping. In this work, the temporal and spatial variations of shipping sound are calculated for the years before and during the pandemic in selected shallow water test areas from the Southern North Sea and the Adriatic Sea. First, the monthly sound pressure level maps of ships and wind between 2017 and 2020 are calculated for frequencies between 100 Hz to 10 kHz. Next, the monthly changes in these maps are compared. The asymptotic approximation of the hybrid flux-mode propagation model reduces the computational requirements for sound mapping simulations and facilitates the production of a large number of sound maps for different months, depths, frequencies, and ship categories. After the strictest COVID-19 measures were applied in April 2020, the largest decline was observed for the fishing, passenger and recreational ships. Although the changes in the number of fishing vessels are large, their contribution to the soundscape is minor due to their low source level. In both test areas, the spatial exceedance levels and acoustic energies were decreased in 2020 compared to the average of the previous three years.

Original languageEnglish
Article number702
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Acoustic propagation
  • Ship noise
  • Sound mapping

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Hindcasting soundscapes before and during the covid-19 pandemic in selected areas of the north sea and the adriatic sea'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this