Purpose: To compare hospital versus individual surgeon’s perioperative outcomes for laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH), and to assess the relationship between surgeon experience and perioperative outcomes. Methods: A retrospective analysis of all prospective collected LHs performed from 2003 to 2010 at one medical center was performed. Perioperative outcomes (operative time, blood loss, complication rate) were assessed on both a hospital level and surgeon level using Cumulative Observed minus Expected performance graphs. Results: A total of 1618 LHs were performed, 16 % total laparoscopic hysterectomies and 84 % laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomies. Overall outcomes included mean (SD±) blood loss 108.9 ± 69.2 mL, mean operative time 95.4 ± 39.7 min and a complication occurred in 76 (4.7 %) of cases. Suboptimal perioperative outcomes of an individual surgeon were not always detected on a hospital level. However, collective suboptimal outcomes were faster detected on a hospital level compared to individual surgeon’s level. Evidence of a learning curve is seen; for the first 100 procedures, a decrease in operative time is observed as individual surgeon experience increases. Similarly, the risk of conversion decreases up to the first 50 procedures. Conclusion: An individual outlier (i.e., surgeon with consistently suboptimal performance) will not always be detected when monitoring outcome measures only on a hospital level. However, monitoring outcome measures on a hospital level will detect suboptimal performance earlier compared to monitoring only on an individual surgeon’s level. To detect performance outliers timely, insight into an individual surgeon’s outcome and skills is recommended. Furthermore, an experienced surgeon is no guarantee for acceptable surgical outcomes.
- Hospital outcome
- Laparoscopic hysterectomy