How can we balance safety and preservation of heritage building? We must think about this difficult question if we will archive the goal of SDGs.`Safety` is one of the important keywords in Japan. This word means three things.The first, it means to protect from a natural disaster (earthquake typhoon heavy rain, etc.). Next, it means to be able to use and access safety for everyone. Last, it means to prevent crime. The abandon house number is increasing because of population decreasing. The community is usually afraid to keep the abandoned house where is heritage building or not and hoped to demolish it.There is some code for those issues. If we would like to use a heritage building for the public, we must renovate to barrier-free, and reinforcement the structure, etc. Moreover, it has started the actions of unoccupied house measures based on the law. Unfortunately, it means to destroy.The design and renovation costs are an important point too. Some owner thinks to build a new building is cheaper and safety than preserving the old one. By contrast, A new movement has appeared to renovate and use the old building and the government promotes tourism by using heritage. The number of renovates building is increasing. Some disappoint renovation is to destroy the original design by adding the elevator or reinforcement structural or changing the plan, etc. because they don't know about heritage.This paper presents those movements and issues in Japan. The most important thing is how to renovate the heritage building to increase both safety and heritage value, by keeping the code. It concludes by thinking about how to educates a new type of architect who understands heritage, history, code, structure, etc. and how creates a new system.
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 7 Sep 2019|