Hybrid Si/SiC Switch Modulation with Minimum SiC MOSFET Conduction in Grid Connected Voltage Source Converters

Marco Stecca*, Changyu Tan, Junzhong Xu, Thiago Batista Soeiro, Pavol Bauer, Peter Palensky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)


In this article, a hybrid Si/Si carbide (SiC) switch (HyS) modulation with minimum SiC MOSFET conduction (mcHyS) is experimentally characterized, so as to derive its conduction and switching performance. These are later used to derive a silicon (Si) area analytical model for the HyS configuration. The chip area model is used to benchmark the mcHyS modulation concepts against single-technology switches and typical HyS modulation when considering the implementation of a 100-kW two-level voltage-source converter (VSC) deployed for three industrial applications: photovoltaic inverter, electric vehicle fast-charging station, and battery storage systems for grid ancillary service. The two additional switching events of the SiC MOSFET, which differentiate the mcHyS modulation from the typical HyS one, are proven to happen in soft switching; therefore, the mcHyS switching performances are not penalized. Furthermore, the analysis presented shows how the studied mcHyS modulation performs against the single semiconductor technology and the typical HyS solution in terms of cost and power conversion efficiency. More specifically, it is shown that the HyS solutions are particularly competitive versus the full Si-based VSCs when the application at hand often operates at low partial loads. Finally, a 10-kW two-level VSC assembled with mcHyS is tested, so as to compare its efficiency versus single-technology switches.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9693925
Pages (from-to)4275-4289
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care

Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Double-pulse test (DPT)
  • grid-connected voltage-source converter (VSC)
  • grid connected


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