Today, renewable resources have become one of the main pillars of electricity generation because of the constant reduction in their costs. In this regard, wind energy possesses the highest share in installed capacity and total energy output. Adopting a well-structured planning model is one of the most effective ways to further reduce costs and been the focus of research in the past decades. The previously models use a generic model for the wind turbine and its related parameters while only the optimal number is determined. In this context, this paper presents a novel approach for optimally planning of wind-diesel-battery systems which optimizes the wind turbine technology as a decision variable from the different types already commercially available. For this purpose, an optimization problem is introduced with the possibility of choosing a single type of turbine technology. The proposed model is then modified to optimize and simultaneously select multiple different wind turbine technologies. Results of the case study demonstrate a significant reduction in the planning cost, namely above 5 percent depend on the wind speed. Furthermore, the total yearly energy generated by diesel generator is decreased by 700 kWh, meaning higher renewable penetration and less emissions.
- Hybrid renewable system
- Turbine technology