Hydraulics, air entrainment, and energy dissipation on a gabion stepped weir

Davide Wüthrich, Hubert Chanson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the last decades the design of stepped spillways regained some interest because of their suitability with new construction methods including gabions. The hydraulic performances of gabion stepped weirs were investigated experimentally in terms of the flow patterns, air-water flow properties, and energy dissipation. A laboratory study was conducted in a 26.6° slope (1V:2H) and 0.10-m step height facility, with both smooth impervious and gabion steps. The visual observations highlighted the seepage flow through the gabions, inducing a modification of the cavity flow especially in the skimming flow regime. In skimming flows, higher velocities were measured at the downstream end of the gabion stepped chute, associated with smaller energy dissipation rates and lower friction factors, compared to the smooth impervious stepped chute data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04014046
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
Volume140
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Air entrainment
  • Energy dissipation
  • Gabion weirs
  • Physical modeling
  • Stepped spillways

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