We study the hydrodynamic forces acting on a fixed particle close to a corrugated wall experiencing tangential fluid flow, using the lattice Boltzmann method. To carry out a fundamental analysis, a single two-dimensional circular particle near a sinusoidal wall is selected as a case study. The influence of the particle distance from the wall, the particle Reynolds number, corrugation amplitude, and downstream particle position (relative to a corrugation-peak) on the drag, lift and torque acting on the particle are investigated. Our simulations reveal that the hydrodynamic forces change significantly by changing the particle distance from the wall. Even the direction of forces and torque may change, depending on the distance from the wall, downstream particle position and Rep number. We find an increase in magnitude of forces and torque by increasing the corrugation amplitude of the wall.
- Corrugated wall
- Wall effect