Impact of Classical Control Electronics on Qubit Fidelity

J. P.G. Van Dijk*, E. Kawakami, R. N. Schouten, M. Veldhorst, L. M.K. Vandersypen, M. Babaie, E. Charbon, F. Sebastiano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)
68 Downloads (Pure)


Quantum processors rely on classical electronic controllers to manipulate and read out the state of quantum bits (qubits). As the performance of the quantum processor improves, nonidealities in the classical controller can become the performance bottleneck for the whole quantum computer. To prevent such limitation, this paper presents a systematic study of the impact of the classical electrical signals on the qubit fidelity. All operations, i.e., single-qubit rotations, two-qubit gates, and readout, are considered, in the presence of errors in the control electronics, such as static, dynamic, systematic, and random errors. Although the presented study could be extended to any qubit technology, it currently focuses on single-electron spin qubits, because of several advantages, such as purely electrical control and long coherence times, and for their potential for large-scale integration. As a result of this study, detailed electrical specifications for the classical control electronics for a given qubit fidelity can be derived. We also discuss how qubit fidelity is affected by the limited performance of the general-purpose room-temperature equipment typically employed to control the few qubits available today. Ultimately, we show that tailor-made electronic controllers can achieve significantly lower power, cost, and size, as required to support the scaling up of quantum computers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number044054
Number of pages20
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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