Impact of heat treatment on mechanical behaviour of Inconel 718 processed with tailored microstructure by selective laser melting

V. A. Popovich, E.V. Borisov, A.A. Popovich, V. Sh Sufiiarov, D.V. Masaylo, L. Alzina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

124 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Additive manufacturing (AM) technologies are known to allow the production of parts with an extreme degree of complexity, enabling design and functional part optimization. However, the resulting microstructures and mechanical properties of AM materials are not well understood due to unique and complex thermal cycles observed during processing. This study aims to adjust the microstructure of Inconel 718 specimens produced by selective laser melting (SLM). The microstructural design was achieved through process parameters manipulation and post-process heat treatment. The effects of heat treatment on microstructure, process induced defects, deformation behaviour and failure mechanisms were studied. Directional columnar grained microstructure accompanied by interdendritic Laves phases and carbide particles was observed in as-processed material. Hot isostatic pressing (HIP) improved mechanical properties, which was attributed to dissolution of undesirable Laves and δ-phase as well as pore closure. All investigated samples maintained their intended tailored microstructural build up with distinct differences in mechanical properties. The results presented in this study show the capability of the SLM process to produce parts with mechanical properties better than conventional Inconel material. The microstructural design demonstrated here can be exploited in AM fabrication of complex components requiring challenging high-temperature mechanical performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-22
JournalMaterials & Design
Volume131
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Additive manufacturing
  • Heat treatment
  • Mechanical properties
  • Microstructural design
  • Ni-base alloy

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