Purpose: To develop and evaluate a simultaneous multislice (SMS) reconstruction technique that provides noise reduction and leakage blocking for highly accelerated cardiac MRI. Methods: ReadOut Concatenated k-space SPIRiT (ROCK-SPIRiT) uses the concept of readout concatenation in image domain to represent SMS encoding, and performs coil self-consistency as in SPIRiT-type reconstruction in an extended k-space, while allowing regularization for further denoising. The proposed method is implemented with and without regularization, and validated on retrospectively SMS-accelerated cine imaging with three-fold SMS and two-fold in-plane acceleration. ROCK-SPIRiT is compared with two leakage-blocking SMS reconstruction methods: readout-SENSE-GRAPPA and split slice–GRAPPA. Further evaluation and comparisons are performed using prospectively SMS-accelerated cine imaging. Results: Results on retrospectively three-fold SMS and two-fold in-plane accelerated cine imaging show that ROCK-SPIRiT without regularization significantly improves on existing methods in terms of PSNR (readout-SENSE-GRAPPA: 33.5 ± 3.2, split slice–GRAPPA: 34.1 ± 3.8, ROCK-SPIRiT: 35.0 ± 3.3) and SSIM (readout-SENSE-GRAPPA: 84.4 ± 8.9, split slice–GRAPPA: 85.0 ± 8.9, ROCK-SPIRiT: 88.2 ± 6.6 [in percentage]). Regularized ROCK-SPIRiT significantly outperforms all methods, as characterized by these quantitative metrics (PSNR: 37.6 ± 3.8, SSIM: 94.2 ± 4.1 [in percentage]). The prospectively five-fold SMS and two-fold in-plane accelerated data show that ROCK-SPIRiT and regularized ROCK-SPIRiT have visually improved image quality compared with existing methods. Conclusion: The proposed ROCK-SPIRiT technique reduces noise and interslice leakage in accelerated SMS cardiac cine MRI, improving on existing methods both quantitatively and qualitatively.
- accelerated imaging
- cardiac MRI
- image reconstruction
- simultaneous multislice imaging