Improvements of developed graphite based composite anti-aging agent on thermal aging properties of asphalt

Zhihui Hu, Tao Xu, Pengfei Liu, Markus Oeser, Haopeng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

To reduce the thermal-oxidative aging of asphalt and the release amount of harmful volatiles during the construction of asphalt pavement, a new composite anti-aging agent was developed. Since the volatiles were mainly released from saturates and aromatics during the thermal-oxidative aging of asphalt, expanded graphite (EG) was selected as a stabilizing agent to load magnesium hydroxide (MH) and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) nanoparticles for preparing the anti-aging agents of saturates and aromatics, respectively. Thermal stability and volatile constituents released from saturates and aromatics before and after the thermal-oxidative aging were characterized using the isothermal Thermogravimetry/Differential Scanning Calorimetry-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer test (TG/DSC-FTIR test). Test results indicate that anti-aging agents of EG/MH and EG/CaCO3 effectively inhibit the volatilization of light components in asphalt and improve the thermal stability of saturates and aromatics. Then, the proportions of EG, MH, and CaCO3 added in the developed composite anti-aging agent of EG/MH/CaCO3 are 2:1:3 by weight. EG/MH/CaCO3 plays a synergetic effect on inhibiting the thermal-oxidative aging of asphalt, and reduces the release amount of harmful volatiles during the thermal-oxidative aging after EG/MH/CaCO3 is added into asphalt at the proposed content of 10 wt. %. EG plays a synergistic role with MH and CaCO3 nanoparticles to prevent the chain reactions, inhibiting the thermal-oxidative aging of asphalt.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4005
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalMaterials
Volume13
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Asphalt
  • Composite anti-aging agent
  • Synergistic effect
  • Thermal-oxidative aging
  • Volatile constituents

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