Improving CRISPR-Cas9 mediated genome integration in interspecific hybrid yeasts

Nicole X. Bennis, Matic Kostanjšek, Marcel van den Broek, Jean Marc G. Daran*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
90 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Saccharomyces pastorianus is not a classical taxon, it is an interspecific hybrid resulting from the cross of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces eubayanus. Exhibiting heterosis for phenotypic traits such as wort α-oligosaccharide consumption and fermentation at low temperature, it has been domesticated to become the main workhorse of the brewing industry. Although CRISPR-Cas9 has been shown to be functional in S. pastorianus, repair of CRISPR-induced double strand breaks is unpredictable and preferentially uses the homoeologous chromosome as template, preventing targeted introduction of the desired repair construct. Here, we demonstrate that lager hybrids can be edited with near 100% efficiency at carefully selected landing sites on the chimeric SeScCHRIII. The landing sites were systematically selected and evaluated for (i) absence of loss of heterozygosity upon CRISPR-editing, (ii) efficiency of the gRNA, and (iii) absence of effect on strain physiology. Successful examples of highly efficient single and double gene integration illustrated that genome editing can be applied in interspecies hybrids, paving the way to a new impulse to lager yeast strain development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-62
Number of pages14
JournalNew Biotechnology
Volume76
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Allo-aneuploid
  • CRISPR-Cas9
  • Genome modifications
  • Landing sites
  • Loss of heterozygosity
  • Saccharomyces pastorianus

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