Improving energy efficiency in Vietnamese tube houses: A survey of sustainable challenges and potentials

Phan Anh Nguyen*, Regina Bokel, Andy van den Dobbelsteen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
53 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: Refurbishing houses is considered a key measure to improve the energy efficiency of the built environment. However, little is known about the implementation and outcome of housing renovation for energy upgrades in the Vietnamese practice. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the energy performance of the current housing stock in Vietnam and the potential to reduce energy use in households. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on a survey with 153 respondents in three major climatic regions of Vietnam. The survey focusses on building characteristics, environmental performance, energy performance and refurbishment activities. Data collected from the survey were statistically analysed to give insight into the current performance of the housing stock and its energy saving potential. Findings: This paper concludes that building design and construction, particularly the building envelope, have a significant influence on the occupants’ comfort. However, the energy consumption in houses is not statistically associated with building design and indoor environment. It is suggested that financial status and occupants’ behaviour currently have a strong influence on the household energy use. The survey also showed that refurbishment improves the housing performance, especially if improving the indoor environment was one of the drivers. Originality/value: There are very few studies on energy use in households in Vietnam, especially with regards to actual energy consumption. This paper brings insights into the actual energy consumption and reveals the “performance gap” in Vietnamese housing stock.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-390
Number of pages25
JournalSmart and Sustainable Built Environment
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Energy efficiency
  • Refurbishment
  • Sustainable
  • Vietnam


Dive into the research topics of 'Improving energy efficiency in Vietnamese tube houses: A survey of sustainable challenges and potentials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this