Improving the DC fault response of H-bridge MMC-based HVDC Networks

Minos Kontos, Pavol Bauer, Rodrigo Teixeira Pinto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review


This paper proposes a post-fault control technique for H-bridge multilevel modular converters (MMC), which in combination with a restoration framework, can achieve fast operation recovery in multi-terminal direct current (MTDC) networks under different dc fault types. The studied network consists of four voltage-source converters (VSC) for high voltage dc (HVDC) transmission. A meshed MTDC grid topology is used for the connection of two asynchronous grids with two offshore wind farms (OWFs). The effect of different dc fault types on the grid restoration time is evaluated. Following the proposed restoration steps, the grid is able to restore its operation within 34 ms, if a pole-to-pole fault occurs. To accelerate the discharging process of the grid during a pole-to-ground fault, a control technique is proposed that allows momentarily the connection of the two dc pole cables through the MMC-VSC switch valves. In this way, the dc grid is discharged faster and thus, the operation can be faster restored. The stresses to which the switches of the submodules are subjected are also analysed in this paper. The study showed that, with the proposed strategy, an H-bridge MMC-based network can restore its operation after a pole-to-ground dc fault within 158 ms without the need for expensive dc breakers.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationImproving the DC fault response of H-bridge MMC-based HVDC Networks
Place of PublicationParis
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016
EventCIGRE Session 46 - Paris, France
Duration: 21 Aug 201626 Aug 2016


ConferenceCIGRE Session 46


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