Improvising planned development on the Gezira Plain, Sudan, 1900-1980

Research output: Book/ReportBookScientific

9 Citations (Scopus)


The typical image of the Gezira Scheme, the large-scale irrigation scheme started under British colonial rule in Sudan, is of a centrally planned effort by a central colonial power controlling tenants and cotton production. However, any idea(l)s of planned irrigation and profit in Gezira had to be realized by African farmers and European officials, who both had their own agendas. Projects like Gezira are best understood in terms of continuous negotiations. This book rewrites Gezira’s history in terms of colonial control, farmers’ actions and resistance, and the broader development debate.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherPalgrave MacMillan
Number of pages290
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-137-56818-2
ISBN (Print)978-1-137-56817-5
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NamePalgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan


  • African History
  • History of Science
  • History of Britain and Ireland
  • History of North Africa
  • Modern History
  • Imperialism and Colonialism

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