In situ electron microscopy study of structural transformations in 2D CoSe2

Dnyaneshwar S. Gavhane, Heleen van Gog, Balu Thombare, Gaurav Lole, L. Christiaan Post, Mahendra A. More, Marijn A. van Huis

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Abstract

Thermally induced structural transformation of 2D materials opens unique avenues for generating other 2D materials by physical methods. Imaging these transitions in real time provides insight into synthesis routes and property tuning. We have used in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to follow thermally induced structural transformations in layered CoSe2. Three transformation processes are observed: orthorhombic to cubic-CoSe2, cubic-CoSe2 to hexagonal-CoSe, and hexagonal to tetragonal-CoSe. In particular, the unit-cell-thick orthorhombic structure of CoSe2 transforms into cubic-CoSe2 via rearrangement of lattice atoms. Cubic-CoSe2 transforms to hexagonal-CoSe at elevated temperatures through the removal of chalcogen atoms. All nanosheets transform to basal-plane-oriented hexagonal 2D CoSe. Finally, the hexagonal to tetragonal transformation in CoSe is a rapid process wherein the layered morphology of hexagonal-CoSe is broken and islands of tetragonal-CoSe are formed. Our results provide nanoscopic insights into the transformation processes of 2D CoSe2 which can be used to generate these intriguing 2D materials and to tune their properties by modifying their structures for electro-catalytic and electronic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number24
Number of pages9
Journalnpj 2D Materials and Applications
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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