Increasing the synchronization stability in complex networks

Xian Wu, Kaihua Xi, Aijie Cheng, Hai Xiang Lin, Jan H. van Schuppen

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We aim to increase the ability of coupled phase oscillators to maintain synchronization when the system is affected by stochastic disturbances. We model the disturbances by Gaussian noise and use the mean first hitting time when the state hits the boundary of a secure domain, that is a subset of the basin of attraction, to measure synchronization stability. Based on the invariant probability distribution of a system of phase oscillators subject to Gaussian disturbances, we propose an optimization method to increase the mean first hitting time and, thus, increase synchronization stability. In this method, a new metric for synchronization stability is defined as the probability of the state being absent from the secure domain, which reflects the impact of all the system parameters and the strength of disturbances. Furthermore, by this new metric, one may identify those edges that may lead to desynchronization with a high risk. A case study shows that the mean first hitting time is dramatically increased after solving corresponding optimization problems, and vulnerable edges are effectively identified. It is also found that optimizing synchronization by maximizing the order parameter or the phase cohesiveness may dramatically increase the value of the metric and decrease the mean first hitting time, thus decrease synchronization stability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043116
Number of pages15
JournalChaos (Woodbury, N.Y.)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


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