Influence of dislocations on the apparent elastic constants in single metallic crystallites: an analytical approach

Jan Steven Van Dokkum*, C. Bos, Sven Erik Offerman, Jilt Sietsma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Intricate knowledge of dislocation networks in metals has proven paramount in understanding the constitutive behaviour of these materials but current experimental methods yield limited information on the characteristics of these networks. Recently, the isotropic anelastic response of metals has been used to investigate complex dislocation networks through the well-known phenomenon that the observed elastic constants are influenced by dislocations. Considering the dependence of the behaviour of a Frank-Read (FR) source on its initial dislocation character and using discerning characteristics of dislocations, i.e. Burgers vector, line sense and slip system, the present paper takes dislocation character, crystal structure and dislocation network geometry into account and obtains the anisotropic mechanical response for a generic Poisson's ratio. In this work, the tensile test tangent moduli and yield points are presented for spatially uniform and nonuniform dislocation distributions across slip systems. First, the reversible shear strain of the FR source is derived as a function of initial dislocation character. The area swept by a mobile and initially straight dislocation segment pinned at both ends is given as an explicit function of the line stress. Secondly, the anisotropic anelastic strain contribution of FR sources to the total pre- and at-yield strain in single crystallites is calculated. For a given normal stress and superposition of the principal infinitesimal linear elastic lattice strain and anelastic dislocation strain, the tangent moduli are presented. The moduli and the inception of plastic flow have a notable dependence on initial dislocation character, spatial dislocation distribution and loading direction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101178
Number of pages16
JournalMaterialia
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Analytical modelling
  • Dislocation loop
  • Dislocation structure
  • Elastic constants
  • Tensile behaviour

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of dislocations on the apparent elastic constants in single metallic crystallites: an analytical approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this