Influence of Footwear on Gait Characteristics that are Associated With Increased Fall Risk in Older Persons

Tischa van der Cammen, CS Sterke, A Halilovic, Johan Molenbroek

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Abstract


Objective:

To investigate the influence of three different types of shoe models frequently worn at home, including an open heel shoe model, on gait parameters that are associated with fall risk in older persons.


Methods:

Twenty-five community-dwelling independent older persons were asked to walk on an electronic walkway system, the GAITRite® walkway, while wearing three different shoe models which are frequently worn at home. We measured spatial and temporal gait parameters.


Results:

Gait velocity and stride length were significantly reduced, and step time, stance, and double support time were significantly increased, when older persons wore an open heel shoe model compared to the high collar shoe models.

Conclusion:

Wearing an open heel shoe model is associated with gait parameters that are associated with fall risk, compared with a high collar shoe model, in community-dwelling older persons. With regard to falls prevention, further attention for footwear in older persons seems warranted, especially for footwear worn in and around the home.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-49
Number of pages7
JournalThe Ergonomics Open Journal
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Electronic walkway
  • Footwear
  • Fall risk
  • Gait parameters
  • Older persons

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