Influence of lattice termination on the edge states of the quantum spin Hall insulator monolayer 1T′-WTe2

Alexander Lau, Rajyavardhan Ray, Dániel Varjas, Anton R. Akhmerov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We study the influence of sample termination on the electronic properties of the novel quantum spin Hall insulator monolayer 1T′-WTe2. For this purpose, we construct an accurate, minimal four-orbital tight-binding model with spin-orbit coupling by employing a combination of density-functional theory calculations, symmetry considerations, and fitting to experimental data. Based on this model, we compute energy bands and two-terminal conductance spectra for various ribbon geometries with different terminations, with and without a magnetic field. Because of the strong electron-hole asymmetry, we find that the edge Dirac point is buried in the bulk bands for most edge terminations. In the presence of a magnetic field, an in-gap edge Dirac point leads to exponential suppression of conductance as an edge Zeeman gap opens, whereas the conductance stays at the quantized value when the Dirac point is buried in the bulk bands. Finally, we find that disorder in the edge termination drastically changes this picture: the conductance of a sufficiently rough edge is uniformly suppressed for all energies in the bulk gap regardless of the orientation of the edge.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054206
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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