Influence of vertical internals on a bubbling fluidized bed characterized by X-ray tomography

S Maurer, EC Wagner, JR van Ommen, TJ Schildhauer, SL Teske, SMA Biollaz, A Wokaun, RF Mudde

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36 Citations (Scopus)


An ultra-fast X-ray tomographic scanner is applied to study the hydrodynamics in a bubbling fluidized bed with and without vertical internals (e.g., heat exchanger tubes). The objective of this study is to understand the influence of vertical internals on hydrodynamic properties such as bubble volume, size and velocity and to provide measurement data for the design and scale-up of catalytic bubbling fluidized bed reactors with vertical internals. With these new measurements, correlations of bubble properties can be developed to reliably scale-up bubbling fluidized beds with vertical internals. For the investigated reactor with Geldart A/B particles, no relation between bubble size and velocity was observed for individual bubbles, i.e.; smaller bubbles tend to rise with higher velocities. A significant reduction in bubble size and sharpening of the bubble size distribution was generally obtained for a bed with vertical internals. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-249
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Multiphase Flow
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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