Influence of water repellent on the property of solid waste based sulfoaluminate cement paste and its application in lightweight porous concrete

Xingliang Yao, Hongqiang Liao, Hua Dong, Fengling Yang, Yonggang Yao, Wenlong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Solid waste-based calcium sulfoaluminate (SW-CSA) cement is a type of low carbon cement that uses solid waste as raw material. It is usually used to prepare lightweight porous concrete (LPC) due to its short setting time. However, high water absorption of LPC based on SW-CSA cement limits its extensive application. Water repellent can be mixed into binder material to reduce the water absorption of LPC, but it may affect the hydration properties of SW-CSA cement paste, which influences the performance of LPC correspondingly. Calcium stearate (CS), sodium oleate (SO) and sodium methyl siliconate (SMS) are three familiar commercial water repellents. To find the suitable internal mixing water repellent for LPC based on SW-CSA cement, the effects of three CS, SO and SMS on the water absorption, hydration, compressive strength, fluidity, and setting time of SW-CSA cement paste were explored. Besides, the properties of LPC with CS and SO added were also studied. The results indicated that using CS as the water repellent could reduce the 1 day water absorption of SW-CSA cement paste by 45.9% and the water absorption of LPC by 33.0%. It also reduced the setting time of SW-CSA cement paste and increased the final compressive strength of LPC, which was conducive to the preferred rapid setting and high compressive strength of LPC. The hydrophobicity of SW-CSA cement paste with SO was better than that of SW-CSA cement paste with CS. But using SO and SMS as the water repellent retarded the early hydration of SW-CSA cement and prolonged the setting time of SW-CSA cement and reduced the final compressive strength of SW-CSA cement paste. Therefore, SO and SMS can't be used as the internal mixing water repellent of LPC based on SW-CSA cement, while CS is a promising internal mixing water repellent of SW-CSA cement to prepare LPC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122731
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume282
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Hydration reaction
  • Lightweight porous concrete
  • Mechanical property
  • Sulfoaluminate cement
  • Water absorption
  • Water repellent

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