Innovative Vietnamese Research on Mekong Deltaic Coastal Processes

M. J.F. Stive, L. K. Phan, S. T. Truong, H. M. Phan, H. T. Dao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Over the last few decades, the Mekong Delta Coast has undergone many physical changes that have increased its vulnerability. Issues that have grown in importance are erosion, human occupation of coastal and estuarine mangroves, decreased sediment supply by the Mekong River and subsidence due to groundwater extraction. These issues have led to the loss of coastal and estuarine land and mangroves, increasing flood vulnerability and salinity intrusion. Recently, young and promising Vietnamese researchers have undertaken a number of in-depth studies to increase our understanding of the above issues. The objective of the present paper is to give a concise description of their work and place it into a broader context. The topics concerned are satellite mapping of coastal landuse changes, numerical simulation of the tide and wave climate and of coastal erosion, coastal and estuarine mangrove squeeze, wave and current damping in mangroves and wave transmission through bamboo fences. The main findings are that (1) coastal landuse has changed significantly over the last decades with the largest change due to conversion of mangroves to aquaculture and a modest change due to coastal erosion, (2) the understanding of the tide and wave climate and of the erosion has increased due to successful numerical modelling, (3) the role of mangrove squeeze along the coast and along the estuaries has been assessed, (4) the understanding of wave and current damping in mangroves and of wave transmission through bamboo fences has increased through the combined effort of laboratory and numerical modelling.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAPAC 2019 - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts
EditorsNguyen Trung Viet, Tran Thanh Tung, Dou Xiping
PublisherSpringer
Pages1377-1381
Number of pages5
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic) 978-981-15-0291-0
ISBN (Print)9789811502903
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event10th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts, APAC 2019 - Hanoi, Viet Nam
Duration: 25 Sep 201928 Sep 2019

Conference

Conference10th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts, APAC 2019
Country/TerritoryViet Nam
CityHanoi
Period25/09/1928/09/19

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

Keywords

  • Coastal land-use change
  • Mangrove erosion
  • Mangrove squeeze
  • Mekong Deltaic Coast
  • Tide modelling
  • Wave modelling
  • Wave transmission

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