Insertion of MXene-Based Materials into Cu–Pd 3D Aerogels for Electroreduction of CO2 to Formate

Maryam Abdinejad*, Siddhartha Subramanian, Mozhgan Khorasani Motlagh, Davide Ripepi, Donato Pinto, Mengran Li, Joost Middelkoop, Atsushi Urakawa, Thomas Burdyny, More Authors

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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The electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) is an attractive method to produce renewable fuel and chemical feedstock using clean energy sources. Formate production represents one of the most economical target products from CO2RR but is primarily produced using post-transition metal catalysts that require comparatively high overpotentials. Here a composition of bimetallic Cu–Pd is formulated on 2D Ti3C2Tx (MXene) nanosheets that are lyophilized into a highly porous 3D aerogel, resulting in formate production much more efficient than post-transition metals. Using a membrane electrode assembly (MEA), formate selectivities >90% are achieved with a current density of 150 mA cm−2 resulting in the highest ever reported overall energy efficiency of 47% (cell potentials of −2.8 V), over 5 h of operation. A comparable Cu-Pd aerogel achieves near-unity CO production without the MXene templating. This simple strategy represents an important step toward the experimental demonstration of 3D-MXenes-based electrocatalysts for CO2RR application and opens a new platform for the fabrication of macroscale aerogel MXene-based electrocatalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2300402
Number of pages12
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • CO Electrolysis
  • Copper-based electrocatalysts
  • formate
  • Membrane-electrode assemblies
  • MXene


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