In Situ  Failure Detection of Electronic Control Units Using Piezoresistive Stress Sensor

Alexandru Prisacaru, Alicja Palczynska, Andreas Theissler, Przemyslaw Gromala, Bongtae Han, Guo Qi Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)


Recent advancements in automotive technologies, most notably autonomous driving, demand electronic systems much more complex than those realized in the past. The automotive industry has been forced to adopt advanced consumer electronics to satisfy the demand, and thus it becomes more challenging to assess system reliability while adopting the new technologies. The system-level reliability can be enforced by implementing a process called condition monitoring. In this paper, a piezoresistive silicon-based stress sensor is implemented to recognize in situ failure in outer molded electronic control units subjected to reliability testing conditions. The test vehicle consists of six double decawatt package power packages and three stress sensors mounted on a printed circuit board. A unique algorithm is proposed and implemented to handle the data obtained from the piezoresistive stress-sensing cells. The accuracy of measured data is examined by finite-element method, and the physical changes are validated with scanning acoustic microscope. One-class support vector machines are used to autonomously classify data based on a training set of measurements from healthy state, and the reported results confirm that robust classification is possible based on data from the silicon stress sensor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)750-763
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Accepted author manuscript


  • Delamination
  • Electronic control units (ECUs)
  • fault detection
  • machine learning
  • outlier detection
  • Piezoresistance
  • Prognostics and health management
  • Stress
  • Stress measurement
  • stress sensor
  • Temperature measurement
  • Temperature sensors


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