Integrated, adaptive and participatory spatial planning: trends across Europe

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    Whether spatial planning systems are equipped to cope with contemporary regional and urban challenges is strongly dependent on their capacity to promote integration between policy sectors, to respond adaptively to changing societal and political conditions, and to involve and engage citizens in decision-making processes. This paper examines and compares how these capacities have evolved in European countries since the start of the 21st century. The findings indicate that many countries have made reforms to spatial planning with significant implications for their capacity to promote integrated, adaptive and collective planning decisions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)791-803
    Number of pages13
    JournalRegional Studies
    Volume55 (2021)
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2020


    • adaptiveness
    • citizen engagement
    • Europe
    • policy integration
    • spatial planning


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