Integrated light and electron microscopy

R. I. Koning, A. Srinivasa Raja, R.I. Lane, A. J. Koster, J.P. Hoogenboom

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientific


In the past decades, correlative light and electron microscopy (CLEM) methods have evolved from being mostly used by a few pioneering, specialist labs to a collection of techniques and workflows practiced by a broad group of researchers in structural biology. In most cases, CLEM involves a distinct set of sequentially used specimen preparation and labeling techniques, followed by diverse types of light and electron microscopy techniques. This chapter focuses on those areas in present-day CLEM that are faced with challenges for which these advantages of integrated microscopes may well be key for further advancement. These areas are large-scale and high-throughput correlated (volume) microscopy, super-resolution localization in resin or cryo-frozen sections, fluorescence-guided focused ion beam milling for cryo-electron tomography, and the integration of sample preparation and transfer. Ultimately this should lead to the development of specific integrated CLEM systems with complete and fully automated workflows, leading to high-throughput and high-yield systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCorrelative imaging
Subtitle of host publicationFocusing on the future
EditorsPaul Verkade, Lucy Collinson
ISBN (Electronic)9781119086420
ISBN (Print)9781119086451
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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