Interactions between nascent proteins translated by adjacent ribosomes drive homomer assembly

Matilde Bertolini, Kai Fenzl, Ilia Kats, Florian Wruck, Frank Tippmann, Jaro Schmitt, Josef Johannes Auburger, Sander Tans, Bernd Bukau, Günter Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accurate assembly of newly synthesized proteins into functional oligomers is crucial for cell activity. In this study, we investigated whether direct interaction of two nascent proteins, emerging from nearby ribosomes (co-co assembly), constitutes a general mechanism for oligomer formation. We used proteome-wide screening to detect nascent chain-connected ribosome pairs and identified hundreds of homomer subunits that co-co assemble in human cells. Interactions are mediated by five major domain classes, among which N-terminal coiled coils are the most prevalent. We were able to reconstitute co-co assembly of nuclear lamin in Escherichia coli, demonstrating that dimer formation is independent of dedicated assembly machineries. Co-co assembly may thus represent an efficient way to limit protein aggregation risks posed by diffusion-driven assembly routes and ensure isoform-specific homomer formation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereabc7151
Number of pages10
JournalScience
Volume371
Issue number6524
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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