The thermal cone penetration test (T-CPT) allows in situ measurement of the thermal properties of soil during a CPT-that is without withdrawing the CPT tool and introducing another tool such as a thermal needle probe. An interpretation method is presented based on one-dimensional axisymmetric analytical solutions. Numerical verification of the method is given and numerical simulations are presented to derive a calibration factor required for the interpretation model. This factor accounts for the temperature sensor location and two-dimensional geometric effects, particularly internal voids and end effects for the cone penetrometer. Finally field data are presented for the T-CPT and compared with results from in situ needle probe tests and laboratory tests on sampled material. The interpretation model is able to provide thermal conductivity values robustly.
- in situ testing
- Temperature effects