Intersection Sight Distance Characteristics of Turbo Roundabouts

Akshay Salwan, said easa, Narayana Raju, shriniwas arkatkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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A turbo roundabout uses spiral circulatory roads for effectively counteracting the problems faced in modern multilane roundabouts. First developed in 1996, the turbo roundabout has an advantage over the conventional roundabout regarding capacity and safety. Turbo roundabouts are still in the developing phase in North America, but even in the European subcontinent where they exist in large numbers, reliable analytical studies on the critical parameters of roundabout visibility are lacking. Visibility (sight distance) helps to shape the geometry of the intersection and aids in safety. This paper presents the mathematical characteristics of the intersection geometry and intersection sight distance (ISD) of the turbo roundabout. Mathematical formulas are presented for the sight distance from the approaching vehicle to the conflicting-entering and circulating vehicles. The maximum lateral clearances to the conflicting vehicles are derived using mathematical optimization. The developed analytical method is verified graphically using AutoCAD. To assist in practical applications, design aids for the maximum lateral clearance are presented. The presented method and design aids should aid in promoting safety at turbo roundabouts.
Original languageEnglish
Article number16
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Intersection sight distance
  • Lateral clearance
  • Road safety
  • Turbo roundabout

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